So many years after World War II still has mysteries to solve, and one of them is related to the Normandy Landings.
The Atlantic Wall and the Normandy Landings of 1944
Following the German invasion of France in the spring of 1940, the Third Reich began fortifying the coast of that country in anticipation of an Allied landing. This network of fortifications, known as the "Atlantic Wall", ran along the entire French coast from Spain to Belgium, and was the reason why the French were prohibited from approaching the beaches during the war.
One of the important points of this defensive network was Pointe du Hoc, located in Normandy, which was one of the targets of the US Rangers during the landing on June 6, 1944, since it was estimated that there was an important artillery position there that it would have jeopardized the landings on the beaches assigned to the Americans, named as Utah and Omaha in the invasion plan.
Maisy Battery was firing on the Allies until June 9
However, when the Rangers reached Pointe du Hoc they did not find the cannons they expected. The Germans had moved the artillery pieces to the Maisy Battery, inland, and from there they were firing for several days both at the US landing forces and at the planes that ventured into the area, until the Rangers managed to take it on June 9.
The position was buried by the Americans and was forgotten for 60 years
The most curious thing about this battery is that for decades it was completely forgotten and literally disappeared from the map: all its forts were buried by the US military. The burying of the German position was done so thoroughly that many years later, locals in the area denied that there had been any German position there. It is as if history had swallowed the Maisy Battery: what mystery did that battery contain to have been eliminated from the landscape?
The mystery began to unravel in 2004, when Gary Sterne, a British military history buff, bought a full World War II uniform. In one of the pockets he found a map marking the Maisy Battery area as an area of strong resistance.
But how was that possible, if in that place that he himself knew there were only meadows and farmland? Gary and his son started buying land and digging in the area, gradually unearthing Maisy Battery.
The possible causes of the burial: an intelligence error and a millionaire robbery
To this day we only have speculations about the real reasons for the burial, as they remain a mystery. However, Gary Sterne's research work also brought to light the possible secret of that battery. On the one hand, that site was for the Americans the memory of a great mistake of the intelligence services, since they overlooked it during the invasion and sent many Rangers to fight -and die- in the wrong place.
In addition, in that battery the Rangers would have found 4.2 million dollars in French currency, according to the British newspaper The Telegraph in 2008. Veterans of the 5th Ranger Battalion confirmed to Sterne that after finding that sum of money -surely intended to pay the German troops in the area - the American soldiers shared it among themselves.
The position was divided into two batteries: Les Perruques and La Martinière
Maisy Battery, assigned to the 8th Battery of the 716th Artillery Regiment of the German Army, was divided into two nests of resistance: the WN83 and the WN84. WN83, known as Les Perruques Battery, was equipped with four old French 155mm sFH 414 howitzers from World War I. WN84, known as Battery de La Martinière, had four Czech 100mm howitzers. In addition, these positions had anti-aircraft guns. The Maisy Battery was secretly built by the Germans using slave laborers from Czechoslovakia, Poland and Russia.
The current Maisy Battery Museum
Gary Sterne and his son now maintain the Maisy Battery Museum, displaying artifacts found during their excavations and offering tours of the unearthed pillboxes. If you go through Normandy, you can visit it from April to September (more information here). Work to unearth the old German position still continues today.
Gary Sterne y su hijo mantienen en la actualidad el Museo de la Batería de Maisy, en el que exhiben los objetos hallados en sus excavaciones y ofrecen la posibilidad de visitar los fortines desenterrados. Si vais por Normandía, podéis visitarlo de abril a septiembre (aquí más datos). Los trabajos para desenterrar la antigua posición alemana aún continúan hoy en día
If you are interested in knowing more, I encourage you to see these two reports on the Maisy Battery published by the excellent Tropa Guripa YouTube channel, specialized in military historical recreation (I recommend you follow it if you are interested in military history topics, especially those related with World War II). The videos are in Spanish, but have English and French subtitles:
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