One of the great challenges of the coming generations will be not only the exploration of space, but also its colonization.
This challenge implies the possible establishment of permanent bases on the Moon, on the planetoid Ceres (located in the Asteroid Belt) and on the planet Mars >. One of the biggest challenges that this implies is the technical one, in order to achieve more efficient and faster spacecraft, capable of covering the supply needs of colonies on those worlds at a cheaper cost, since water, food and other products would have to be transported in large quantities.
But without a doubt, the greatest challenge is imposed by the limits of human nature. Traveling into space means leaving the protection of the Earth's magnosphere, which protects us from cosmic rays and solar storms. Human exposure to deadly levels of radiation in space will be one of the most complex problems facing this new space race.
Even once that problem is solved, we will still have another important limitation: time. Human beings have a very limited life compared to the time needed to cover the great distances to other worlds. Beyond solutions such as hibernation, there is the possibility of generational ships, in which several generations of families would live for long periods of time, only one of them reaching their destination.
Venture City has released a very interesting video that addresses these and other fascinating topics, imagining what the next 300 years of space colonization might look like. The video includes many images generated by artificial intelligence, including those that illustrate this entry:
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