It was the work of the sculptor Frédéric Bartholdi and the engineer Gustave Eiffel

The Statue of Liberty in New York: this is how it was built and this is what it is like inside

The Statue of Liberty is one of the most famous monuments in the world. Inaugurated on October 28, 1886, it presides over the entrance to New York Harbor.

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The enormous statue was built in France by the sculptor Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi, and its internal structure was designed by the engineer Gustave Eiffel, author of the famous tower that bears his name in Paris. Its purpose was to celebrate the first centennial of the independence of the United States in 1876, but several problems in its construction delayed its completion and subsequent transfer to the United States. With the exterior made of copper, initially it had the copper color typical of that metal, acquiring its current greenish color over time, the result of copper salts.

Once in the United States, the statue was erected on a pedestal built on an old military fort, Fort Wood (hence its base has the star shape characteristic of bastioned castles), located on Bedloe Island, today known as Libertad Island.

The interior of the statue has a small elevator and two intertwined spiral staircases (one going up and one going down), while it is possible to go up to the torch using very simple stairs, although currently it is part cannot be visited. The original torch was changed for another in 1986, with the old one preserved first inside the pedestal and currently in the Statue of Liberty Museum, located in the northern part of Liberty Island.

Jared Owen has published today a very interesting video in which shows, through computer animations, how this monument was built and what its interior is like:

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