It was used to attack the republican positions in the Front of La Serena

The old military airfield of the Spanish Civil War in Calzadilla de los Barros

During the Civil War, airfields were built in different parts of Spain to accommodate the air units of both sides.

A tour of the Calamocha airfield, a former Ju-87 Stukas base in Spain
The Coastal Battery of Palamós: an old artillery position of the Spanish Civil War

In Calzadilla de los Barros, in the province of Badajoz, the Republican aviation had a military airfield that was attacked by the forces of the national side in the summer of 1936. Later, when taking control of this area, the national army built some buildings next to the already existing airfield, becoming known as Aerodromo 101, as indicated in This base was used to attack the republican positions in the Frente de la Serena.

According to, the airfield was demilitarized after the Civil War, dedicating the facilities to agricultural and livestock uses, until they were finally abandoned. Today the old airfield is in ruins. The always interesting YouTube channel Aventuras Entresierras (I recommend you subscribe) has released today a video touring these facilities (the video is in Spanish, you can activate the automatic subtitles in English in the bottom bar of the player):

Here you can see a couple of screenshots from the video. The first is an aerial view of the old aerodrome facilities.

And here we have Alfred, one of the protagonists of the video, enjoying a good geography lesson from his adventure partner on a map from 1938 or 1939 that is still kept in the building (although Honestly, I think Alfred looks like he's wondering "why don't we go to the beach?"). 😄

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