Between 1936 and 1939, Spain was hit by a Civil War in which there were fronts that had extreme living conditions.
One of the toughest fronts was in Sierra Nevada, in the province of Granada, a mountain chain that was divided in two. In the east, the Republican side entrenched itself on the Mulhacén peak, the highest mountain in the Iberian Peninsula and the second highest in Spain (after Teide, in the Canary Islands), with a height of 3,479 meters above sea level. In the west, the national side entrenched itself on Veleta peak, the fourth highest mountain in Spain, with a height of 3,396 meters. Between both peaks there is a distance of less than 5 kilometers.
As Pepe Lozano pointed out in 2016, the Republican army took advantage of shelters built in 1878 for the installation of the first Europe-Africa geodesic link. Furthermore, at the top of Alto del Chorrillo and at a height of 2,690 meters, the Republicans installed a machine gun nest that is still in good condition and which is today used as a mountain shelter.
A few days ago we saw the first stage of the ascent of the Entresierras Command to Mulhacén, passing through the depopulated area of Tablate and the canyons of Lanjarón. Yesterday, Aventuras Entresierras published the second part of the ascent , which covers some of those republican positions of the Spanish Civil War (the video is in Spanish, you can activate the automatic subtitles in English in the bottom bar of the player):
You can see some screenshots here as a preview. Of course, I warn you that I save the best for the video, which shows some spectacular landscapes.
Here we see old trenches of the Republican side, in the center of the photo, almost blurred.
The entrance to the machine gun nest built by the Republicans in Alto del Chorrillo.
One of the two loopholes in the machine gun nest. The view from this position was excellent and covered a great distance.
A group of mountaineers making an improvised shelter in what looks like the remains of an old position from the Civil War. Today many of these positions are demolished, due to the harsh weather conditions in these high mountain places.
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