The Russian writer and historian Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn (1918-2008), Nobel Prize for Literature in 1970, was imprisoned in the Soviet Gulag from 1945 to 1956.
His book "Detente, Democracy and Dictatorship" (1976) collects these notes on communism:
" Let me remind you with what sort of system they started.
- The system was installed by armed uprising.
- It dispersed the Constituent Assembly.
- It capitulated to Germany—the common enemy.
- It introduced execution without trial.
- It crushed workers' strikes.
- It plundered the villagers to such an unbelievable extent that the peasants revolted, and when this happened, it crushed the peasants in the bloodiest possible way.
- It shattered the Church.
- It reduced twenty provinces of our country to a condition of famine."
I repeat it was a system that introduced concentration camps for the first time in the history of the world.
A system that, in the twentieth century, was the first to introduce the use of hostages, that is to say, not to seize the person whom they were seeking, but rather a member, of his family or someone at random, and shoot that person.
This system of hostages and persecution of the family exists to this day. It is still the most powerful weapon of persecution, because the bravest person, who is not afraid for himself, still shivers at the threat to his family.
It is a system which was the first—long before Hitler to employ false registration, that is, to say: "Such and such people have to come in to register." People would comply and then they were taken away to be annihilated.
We didn't have gas chambers in those days. We used barges. A hundred or a thousand persons were put into a barge and then it was sunk.
It was a system which deceived the workers in all of its decrees - the decree on land, the decree on peace, the decree on factories, and the decree on freedom of the press.
It was a system which exterminated all additional parties, and let me make it clear to you that it not only disbanded the party itself, but destroyed its members. All members of every other party were exterminated. It was a system which carried out genocide of the peasantry; 15 million peasants were sent off to extermination.
It was a system which introduced serfdom, the so called "passport system."
It was a system which, in time of peace, artificially created a famine, causing 6 million persons to die in the Ukraine in 1932 and 1933. They died on the very edge of Europe. And Europe didn't even notice it. The world didn't even notice it - 6 million persons!"
The hostage system used by the USSR that Solzhenitsyn recounted coincides with the method of repression that China uses today, and that it channels through illegal police stations in the abroad, nine of them in Spain.
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